Museums and Art

Jan Gossaert (Mabuse): paintings and biography of the artist

Jan Gossaert (Mabuse): paintings and biography of the artist


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Flemish by nationality, artist and graphic artist, Jan Gossart was born in 1479 in French Maubeuge and later received the nickname Mabuse (Maubeuge) by the name of this town.

Little facts have been preserved about his family, it is only known that his father was a bookbinder. Who was his teacher of artistic skills is also a controversial issue - according to some sources, this is Gerard David, according to others, it is Quentin Massey.

At the age of 20, he goes to England, earns there mainly by painting portraits. She studies art in Bruges, Utrecht and other cities in the Netherlands. And already at the age of 23 years, in 1502, Jan Gossart was accepted into the then popular association of artists - the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp.

The mabuse travels a lot, makes useful contacts and, apparently, thanks to one of these, in 1507 he finds himself in the court of Philip of Burgundy, Admiral of the Netherlands, and the bastard of the Duke of Burgundy. As part of his retinue until 1509, he travels to Italy.

In creative terms, all of his works, made before Italy, are clearly influenced by Massey. This can be seen by looking at such paintings as, for example, The Myrrh Bearing or The Adoration of the Magi.

But the works of Italian masters: Michelangelo, Raphael and, of course, Leonardo Da Vinci, conquered Mabuza so much that he changes his manner and style of drawing, and his painting “Danae” and other masterpieces confirm this.

By the way, Danae became a model of the beginning of the era of Romanism in art. Mabuza is considered the founder of 16th-century Romanism. He was the first to try to combine the traditions of Dutch painting with the Italian Renaissance technique and even the German classics of Dürer. Jan Gossaert, probably, unnoticed by himself, moved from the late Gothic at that time to Romanism and mannerism.

By the middle of 1509, the entire court of the admiral was again in the Netherlands, in Antwerp. But Mabuse continues to carry out work in the palaces of Philip - Antwerp and Middelburg, and also receives orders in Mechelen for Margarita of Austria. He paints portraits for the Habsburg family, in particular, Charles V and his sister.

In 1515, the artist executed a portrait of King Christian II of Denmark. In 1517, he designed the castle in Utrecht, where Mabuse arrives with his patron Philip, in connection with the appointment of the bishop.

In 1524, the benefactor of Mabuse - Philippe of Burgundy dies and the artist moves to the southwest of the Netherlands, to the city of Middelburg. He serves with Adolf of Burgundy, doing many works, portraits and orders for kings, their relatives, nobles and aristocrats.

His skill is growing from year to year, Mabuse turns to mythological themes in his paintings. For Dutch painting, this is unusual and not accepted, but as in everything new, the artist is looking for common ground, the fusion of different techniques and styles.

His heroes of myths and religious plots perfectly combine the accepted ideals of the beauty of antiquity and a lively, vibrant Flemish character. And the figures on his canvases are not subtle and ethereal, but quite human and even sensual. This style of writing Mabuse anticipates future full-blooded and magnificent models of Rubens.

It is worth paying attention to the portraits performed by Jan Gossart. He always worked very carefully on them, and therefore, despite the status of the posing, all faces are majestic, significant, with dignity.

In 1927, Mabuse, having met his fellow artist Lucas to you Leiden, travels with him along Flanders. To some extent, with his trips, he inspired future generations of artists on European tours and studies in other countries. Over time, this became the custom of many Dutch painters.

Jan Gossaert, nicknamed Mabuse, died in Antwerp at the age of 54.


Watch the video: The artistic language of oil painting (July 2022).


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